The organizational psychologist Adam Grant, who many know from his New York Times columns, describes three orientations of which we are all capable: the givers, the takers, and the matchers. These influence whether organizations are joyful or toxic for human beings. His studies are dispelling a conventional wisdom that selfish takers are the most likely to succeed professionally. And he is wise about practicing generosity in organizational life — what he calls making “microloans of our knowledge, our skills, our connections to other people” — in a way that is transformative for others, ourselves, and our places of work.
is the Saul P. Steinberg Professor of Management and professor of psychology at the Wharton School of Business at the University of Pennsylvania. He is the author of Originals, Give and Take, and co-author, with Sheryl Sandberg, of Option B: Facing Adversity, Building Resilience and Finding Joy.